Uterine fibroids are non cancerous growths that appear on the muscular walls of the uterus. Also called fibromyomas, leiomyomas, or myomas, they can range in size from microscopic to multiple masses that fill the entire abdominal cavity. In some cases, uterine fibroids can be as large as a five month pregnancy. While most fibroids are asymptomatic, they can grow and cause heavy and painful menstruation, painful sexual intercourse, and urinary frequency and urgency. Uterine fibroids can effect women of all ages but are most common in women ages 20-45. Some common symptoms are:

  • Abdominal fullness, gas

  • Bleeding between periods or very prolonged bleeding with periods

  • Increase in urinary frequency

  • Heavy menstrual bleeding (menorrhagia), sometimes with the passage of blood clots

  • Pelvic cramping or pain with periods

  • Sensation of fullness or pressure in lower abdomen

  • Sudden sever pain due to pedunculated fibroid